The samples below are recommended for the examinations:

Tests

 

Submitted samples

 
Test panels  
DIARRHEA package1  
In case of live pigeons:
 
  • Fresh dropping (40 g)
  • Dropping swab on transport media1
In case of corpses:  
  • Fresh dropping (40 g)
  • Dropping swab on transport media1
• Whole corpses7
   
• BASIC package(in case of 1-2 corpses)7  
  • Fresh dropping (40 g)
  • Whole corpses7
   
• COMPLEX package (in case of 2-3 corpses)1,7  
  • Fresh dropping (40 g)
  • Dropping swab on transport media1
• Whole corpses7
   
Bacteriology - Basic cultivations  
• Dropping1 • Dropping swab on transport media1
• Naso-pharyngeal fluid5 • Naso-pharyngeal swab on transport media5
• Conjunctival fluid2 • Conjunctival swab on transport media2
• Joint fluid3 • Joint fluid on transport media3
• Wound excretion4 • Swab on transport media4
• Dead in shell egg6 • Whole dead in shell egg(s)6
• Salmonella screening (collected dropping)1 • Dropping swab on transport media1
   
Bacteriology - Special examinations  
• Campylobacter cultivation1 • Dropping swab on transport media1
• Whole corpses7
• Mycobacterium cultivation • Whole corpses7
• Anaerobic cultivation • ONLY field sampling
• Salmonella PCR from dropping • Dropping swab on transport media
• Mycoplasma PCR

• Tracheal and nasopharyngeal swabs on transport media

• Sinus swab on transport media

• Tissue samples from air sacs and joints

   
Parasitology  
• Microscopic examination of dropping smear • Fresh dropping
• Microscopic examination with Breza enrichment • Fresh dropping
• Crop fuid • ONLY field samples (swab)
• Quill-mite • Feather follicles
• Sportclub screening (per loft) • Contact us for details!
   
Virology   
• Herpesvirus PCR7 • Whole corpses7
• Paramyxovirus PCR7 • Whole corpses7
• Adenovirus PCR7 • Whole corpses7
• Circovirus PCR7 • Whole corpses7
• Poxvirus PCR7 • Pox lesions, whole corpses7
   
Serology  
• Paramyxovirus antibody titer • ONLY field samples (blood)
• Chlamydia antigen test • Fresh dropping
   
Citology and histology  
• Citology of ocular / conjunctival fluid2 • ONLY field samples2
• Citology of joint fluid3 • ONLY field samples3
• Histopathological examination • Whole corpses7
   
Autopsy  
• Pathologigal examination of submitted corpses • Whole corpses7
• Field pathological examination • ONLY field samples
 
Loft specific vaccine (autologous vaccine)  
• Salmonella • Whole corpses7
• Pseudomonas • Whole corpses7
• Pseudomonas • Whole corpses7
 
Sampling tools  
• Transport media  
• Dropping collecting jar  
 
Field sampling • ONLY field samples

Further sample collecting information for the examinations marked by numbers


1Dropping on transport media

  • For the bacteriological examination of dropping, fresh sample is vital. Therefore, the sample collection and transport to the lab should be carried out on transport media.
  • This sample collecting tool is provided by the lab free of charge. Sample collected in a non-sterile vessel and left to air-dry for 1-2 days is INADEQUATE for examination.
  • Carefully pull the sterile cotton swab from the storage bowl and thoroughly twirl it in the sample intended for examination. Then inoculate the sample onto a special transport media (a tube containing jelly material).
  • With this method the survival of bacteria on the swab is ensured for 48-72 hours.


Transport media: Following the sample collection the swab should be placed back into the sampling tube so that the bacteria get into the transport media thus surviving the transport to the lab.

2Conjunctival fluid on transport media

  • In case of small amount of fluid the conjunctival fluid can be examined ONLY by direct inoculation for which samples can only be collected at the site.
  • In case of possible Chlamydia infection, cytological examination is advised.

3Joint fluid on transport media

  • By aseptic sample collection we facilitate healing as well because the accumulated inflammatory exudate is excreted from the body.
  • The sample should be inoculated onto broth media 1 hour after collection.

4Wound excretion on transport media

  • In case of small amount of fluid the wound excretion can be examined ONLY by direct inoculation for which we can collect the samples at the site.
  • Cytological examination is advised.

5Nasopharyngeal fluid on transport media

  • For the bacteriological examination of nasopharyngeal fluids fresh sample is vital so the collection of samples and their delivery to the lab should be carried out on transport media.
  • This sample collecting tool is provided by the lab free of charge. Sample collected in a non-sterile vessel and left to air-dry for 1-2 days is INADEQUATE for examination.
  • Carefully pull the sterile cotton swab from the storage bowl and thoroughly twirl it in the sample intended for examination. Then inoculate the sample onto a special transport media (a tube containing jelly material).
  • With this method the survival of bacteria on the swab is ensured for 48-72 hours.

6Dead in shell eggs

  • The sample is quite fragile therefore it should be prepared for delivery with special care.

7Sending whole corpses

  • In the case of whole corpses it is important to deliver the corpses in a completely sealed, leakproof package.
  • The corpses should be sent to the lab as soon as possible. It is recommended to send them by courier or to bring them in personally.
  • The corpses should be refrigerated during transport (e.g. with ice accumulators in a cooling bag).


8Parasitological examination of crop swap

  • Parasites are quite sensitive, thus the examination should be carried out immediately after sampling (in 10 minutes).
  • The examination can only be performed at the site.


9Examination for external parasites

  • In case of quill mite suspicion make sure to slowly pull the calamus (deprived of its vane) from the pigeon's skin.


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Laboratory

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Sampling

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Price list

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